# How does depreciation work on commercial property?

Contents

## How do you calculate depreciation on commercial property?

The formula for depreciating commercial real estate looks like this:

1. Cost of property – Land value = Basis.
2. Basis / 39 years = Annual allowable depreciation expense.
3. \$1,250,000 cost of property – \$250,000 land value = \$1 million basis.
4. \$1 million basis / 39 years = \$25,641 annual allowable depreciation expense.

## How long do you depreciate a commercial building?

Commercial and residential building assets can be depreciated either over 39-year straight-line for commercial property, or a 27.5-year straight line for residential property as dictated by the current U.S. Tax Code.

## Can you claim depreciation on commercial property?

As mentioned earlier, commercial property owners can claim depreciation on any assets they own within the property, and tenants can claim depreciation on any assets they installed during the fit-out. If the asset is worth less than \$300, you can claim an immediate deduction in the income year that you bought it.

## How is depreciation on property calculated?

To calculate the annual amount of depreciation on a property, you divide the cost basis by the property’s useful life. In our example, let’s use our existing cost basis of \$206,000 and divide by the GDS life span of 27.5 years. It works out to being able to deduct \$7,490.91 per year or 3.6% of the loan amount.

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## How do you record depreciation on a building?

The basic journal entry for depreciation is to debit the Depreciation Expense account (which appears in the income statement) and credit the Accumulated Depreciation account (which appears in the balance sheet as a contra account that reduces the amount of fixed assets).

## How do you depreciate a storage building?

Using the straight-line method of depreciation, which is the most straight forward, you will depreciate 6.67 percent of the basis of the shed each year for 15 years. If the useful life is different than 15 years, you find this value by dividing 100 by the useful life.

## Does commercial real estate qualify for section 179?

You cannot claim the section 179 deduction for property held to produce rental income. This would include any rental assets along with capital improvements. However, the IRS does allow special qualified properties related only to nonresidential (i.e. Commercial) rental properties to take Section 179.

## What can you write off on commercial property?

In addition to mortgage interest costs, commercial and multifamily real estate investors can deduct property repairs, maintenance costs, certain property management expenses, and many other operating expenses from their income taxes.

## Should I depreciate buildings?

Land has an unlimited useful life and, therefore, is not depreciated. Buildings have a limited useful life and, therefore, are depreciable assets. An increase in the value of the land on which a building stands does not affect the determination of the depreciable amount of the building.

## Are buildings depreciating assets?

All buildings will depreciate from their date of completion, the owners of these properties are eligible to claim these depreciation deductions whenever the property is income producing. They are depreciated according to their effective life. For homes and some commercial buildings, that life is said to be 40 years.

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